Knee pain in everyday life - common symptoms
Knee pain can arise in various situations. Going up or downhill, climbing stairs or even just a leisurely walk, can cause the knee to hurt. Athletes often complain of knee pain when running, hampering pain-free exercise. Knee pain can occur suddenly (acute) or develop slowly. Acute symptoms usually occur after an accident or after overloading the knee. The knee can swell and cause severe pain. Chronic aches and complaints often arise from joint wear (arthrosis). Knee pain should always be clarified with a doctor, as further, possibly incorrect, stress of the joint can lead to permanent deterioration.
Causes of Knee pain
There are many causes of knee pain. Including:
- Sports injuries
- Overloading or incorrect loading/stress
- Arthritis (inflammation)
- Autoimmune diseases (rheumatism)
- Metabolic disorders
Osteoarthritis of the knee, causes a breakdown of cartilage. Since the cartilage is very important for optimal joint function, cartilage damage, and thus arthrosis, are a major cause of knee pain. Cartilage damage often arises on the articular surfaces, which are formed from the femur, lower leg and patella. The causes of osteoarthritis in the knee are very diverse. The causes are overweight, incorrect loading, overload, injuries and also a genetic predisposition.
Sports injuries on the knee very often lead to meniscal tears or injuries to the capsular ligament apparatus. There are also injuries to the cartilage with more or less pronounced damage to the cartilage or the bone beneath the cartilage (bone edema).
An incorrect load on the knee joint exists, for example, with Knock-knee (knees angle in and touch each other) or Bow-leggedness. These are congenital and can lead to increased pressure on the inside or outside of the knee joint. Ultimately, permanent arthropathy leads to arthrosis of the knee.
The knee joint can become inflamed. This is called arthritis. Arthritis often develops in patients with pre-existing arthrosis. The joint then becomes painful, warm and red. Sometimes swelling of the knee occurs due to the production of fluid in the inflamed joint.
Another cause of knee pain can be autoimmune diseases such as rheumatism, or metabolic diseases such as increased uric acid (gout). Painful joint inflammation (arthritis) also occurs in these diseases.
Diagnosis of knee pain
Diagnosing knee pain begins with a medical history. Here, many questions are asked regarding the ailments/discomforts, for example: How long have the complaints existed? What triggered the pain for the first time? Have there been accidents? When does the pain get better (e.g. at rest)? When does the pain get worse (e.g. when climbing stairs)? Does the knee swell frequently? Which examinations have already been carried out? Have there been treatments?
The clinical examination follows the medical history. The doctor examines the mobility and function of the knee. Various tests follow to distinguish between the meniscus and cruciate ligament injuries or other causes of pain. After the examination, it is decided which further examinations should take place. This includes:
- CT or MRI
- Blood tests
When all results are present, a decision is made on a therapy
Therapy of knee pain
The therapy for knee pain depends on the diagnosis. A basic distinction must be made between conservative therapy (i.e. non-surgical therapy) and surgery. If there is no absolute indication for an operation (e.g. fracture), you should first consider what conservative options there are and what chances of success a non-surgical approach has. A good example of this is osteoarthritis of the knee. It should be treated conservatively as long as possible. An operation (artificial knee joint) is only indicated when pain and mobility can no longer be influenced satisfactorily. Likewise, not every meniscal damage has to be treated surgically. Such a decision should be decided very individually.
What therapy options are there?
- Taking pain and anti-inflammatory drugs
- Injection treatments with the body's own proteins (e.g. Orthokin, e.g. Regenokine program, e.g. exosomes)
- Physiotherapy / manual therapy / osteopathy
- Naturopathic procedures such as acupuncture
How do we treat knee pain?
In our practice we do not do any operations. Our most common therapy methods are:
- Injection treatments with the body's own proteins
- Acupuncture and TCM
- Possibly accompanying drug therapy
- Physical therapy
With this therapy concept, we have achieved a very high level of patient satisfaction in the treatment of knee problems.
If you suffer from knee problems, please make an appointment with us. We will create an individual treatment concept based on detailed diagnostics.