Discomfort when walking, running, jumping - ankle pain
Measured by its size, the ankle is a very small joint compared to the knee or hip joint. This means that a very large load is exerted on a relatively small area every day. The ankle has to withstand the toughest demands when walking, running or jumping. Misalignments and also the low arch- and flat foot can lead to premature wear and pain in the ankle.
Causes of ankle pain
There are many causes of ankle pain. This includes:
- torn ligament
- ankle fracture
- tarsal tunnel syndrome
The most common cause of pain in the ankle is torn ligaments. In all sports, especially running, soccer, volleyball, etc., these injuries are a daily affair. Often through jumping and an incorrect landing, ligament become stretched or tear. This leads to painful swelling and sometimes bruising. Movement and treading usually causes great pain, the latter is hardly possible. The joint must be relieved. The damaged structures are often healed by immobilizing them with a walking splint so that the ankle can no longer bend sideways. The ligament injury is usually healed after about 6 weeks. However, accurate diagnosis after injuries to the ligaments is always necessary in order not to overlook possible bone injuries (avulsions). Recurring or not optimally healed ligament injuries can lead to permanent instability, which then leads to arthrosis.
There are many causes of ankle fractures. Ankle fractures immediately leads to severe pain and putting weight on the ankle/foot is no longer possible. On the basis of x-rays or further diagnostics, it must then be decided individually which therapy (immobilization or surgery) is the right treatment. Ankle arthrosis often develops as a result of ankle injuries.
The misalignment of the foot, such as a low arch- or flatfoot, leads to uneven stress of the cartilage in the ankle and in course osteoarthritis develops. It is, therefore, very important to take a close look at the position of the foot and to use preventive measures (insoles or other aids) to avoid arthrotic changes.
Nerves run under the skin. Compression or squeezing of these nerves can cause a burning and stinging pain. There are ligaments of the ankle that can put pressure on the nerves. The area where these bands run is also called the tarsal tunnel. Swelling of the foot tissue (water retention) or swelling after trauma can lead to compressive stress in the area of these ligament structures.
Osteoarthritis of the ankle is a common condition. The pain of osteoarthritis can develop slowly. It often begins with „run-in“ pain (pain through movement). There is dull, aching pain and the mobility in the ankle decreases. With osteoarthritis of the ankle, as with all osteoarthritis, it is broken down or destroyed cartilage, which causes the joint space to become narrower. First, conservative treatment methods should be attempted in order to preserve the joint. If arthrosis in the ankle is too advanced, surgical measures such as stiffening the joint or an ankle prosthesis must be considered.
The diverse causes of ankle pain require precise diagnosis. Only then can an individually correct therapeutic plan for the patient be created.
In our practice, we try to help with molecular orthopedics, especially for ankle arthrosis.